Think back (for some of us, a long time back) to chemistry lessons in school. There are all sorts of molecules (groups of atoms connected by covalent or ionic bonds) that are called organic molecules. Organic molecules are molecules that are mostly composed of Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen. Think of what you and I or any animal is composed of: DNA, protein, fat, and carbohydrates are all examples of organic molecules.
You may also remember from chemistry class a type of molecule called an aromatic hydrocarbon. A hydrocarbon is any type of molecule that is composed of carbon, and water – H2O. Aromatic molecules are unique because they have carbon atoms arranged in a specific pattern, that when drawn, form a hexagon or honeycomb pattern. These molecules are responsible for most of the smells we sense, but ring structures are also important in things like DNA, fatty acids, and proteins.
Cannabinoids are a group of organic molecules that contain aromatic hydrocarbon rings, and long chains of carbon and hydrogen molecules called methane or CH3. They are called cannabinoids because they are primarily found in Cannabis plants. The two main cannabinoids are called cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (∆9-THC, or more commonly just THC). While THC and CBD receive the most attention when we talk about cannabinoids, more research is being conducted on the importance of the minor cannabinoids such as: